history timeline

Trading with Iran


that includes Iran today and territories historically part of Greater Iran (Iranshahr) has lived. If the history of the Aryans that Iran is taken from them, begin to plateau. But this does not mean that the Iranian plateau before the arrival of the Aryans haunted or civilizations. Before the arrival of the Aryans to the Iranian plateau ancient civilizations were blown and faded away in this place were and some still flourish.




Iran's pre-Islamic history of Iran essentially into two sections and that these are also divided on Iran after the Islamic divide into smaller parts.




Iran's pre-Islamic history:

 Is divided into three sections:

-Iran Before the Aryans

-Mhajrt Aryans to Iran

-the Ancient Persia


History of Iran before the Aryans

The Aryans of various ethnic groups lived in different parts of the Iranian plateau. On Iran before the Aryans civilizations Burnt City (Sistan), Elamite (in the north of Khuzestan), Jiroft Civilization (Kerman), Tepe Sialk civilization residents (Kashan), the civilization of Urartu (in Azerbaijan), Hill Gyan (the Skinheads ) and Kasyha civilization (in Kermanshah and Lorestan) and Tpvrha in Tabaristan (Mazandaran) were in Iranian territory.




Elam state history's greatest civilizations has been the land of Khuzestan in southwestern Iran and has been more or less in line with. Elamite capital of Susa, who works in the city is found. Apparently different wards in a kingdom of Elam and each had their separate governments.




The four regions Evan, Anshan and Susa were Symsh. Elam state governments often evolved over Mesopotamia, the Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian and Assyrian been at war. The government, in the course of the history of the greatest forces in the region. Since the advent of the Persian Empire (550 BC) Elam tributary provinces of Iran. At this time the city was a rich and magnificent city of Susa. Elamite was one of the three languages ​​that Iran's royal texts have been written in those languages.


Migration of Aryans to Iran

Branches are white Aryans wide range of races that the original homeland of the northern Black Sea region and the Caspian they are likely to have been around and Oxus Oxus rivers. They later part toward Persia and India have moved to Europe and categories. As a result of the Asian peoples and their language, Indo-European is said. Is Aryan means noble. Aryans of India and Iran have long lived together and were separated for a long time before the separation, myths and shared language and social organization.




In the history books of the coming of the Aryans to Iran some 2,000 years BC to the 6th century BC and the 14th century BC, wrote some. When the Aryans arrived in the Iranian plateau, in the first uprooting indigenous people, but then they were to work. After entering Iranian Aryan tribes and Parthians, Medes and Persians allocated that are most important. Iran called Aryans name is taken, meaning the land of Aryans.




Ancient history


The period of ancient history at the end of Sassanid rule and Arab invasion of Iran is ready to consider.



Median around 708 to 550 BC

The Medes were an Iranian people of Aryan descent who settled in the western part of the Iranian plateau. Median territory covers the western part of the Iranian Plateau. Azerbaijani territory in the north-western Iranian plateau named Median Median small and large rest area named Zagros knew. Median capital of Ecbatana is in the early seventh century BC, they were able to establish the first state history. Median government was overthrown in 550 BC by Cyrus and Iranian monarchy was transferred to the Persians.




Achaemenid - 550 to 330 BC

This new Achaemenid dynasty, the Persian tribes under its own command. After he Chyshpsh, son of Anshan area (East Branch) was king. Later, they declared their center treaty. Until Cyrus III (the Great), king of the dynasty ruled for six.


After Alexander's death (323 BC. AD) conquests was divided among his generals and most of his possessions Asian nuclear Iran was the first to be Seleucus. Iran manner under the Seleucids (330-250 BC) income. They eighty years of the reign of much of the West, but almost never relax in their territory there. After a while, the Parthians expanded their influence and finally destroy the Seleucids and the first Parthian Parthian dynasty had tears name was called.


Parthian - 250 BC to about 226 AD

Parthian Greek civilization that arose in Iran in the Seleucid period, appreciated. Some of the Parthian king was well acquainted with Greek literature and Greek in the court of the Parthian ran some plays. At that session was called to MAHESTAN who was one of two House of Assembly House of nobility and wisdom and Magi ?? ?? But offer advice and did not have that much influence on affairs.




In this period of history, agriculture and trade flourished, he was very dampers and slavery grew. Their religion was Zoroastrianism, as well as ancestor worship. Other religions were also released. Tears 22 (Balash I) is the one who collected

The payment. Middle Persian was the language due to excessive exposure to the Roman language and Roman civilization influence is in their court. They line the Syriac Aramaic and Greek phrases on some coins is embedded. The works of this period of history Temple in Kangavar, Kangavar temple ruins, relief of Bisotun Ast.sasanyansasanyan House of M and G in the Persian Empire in the history of Iran, who ruled between 224 to 651 AD. Sassanid Empire of Persia was the origin of much of West Asia were dominant. Sassanid capital of Ctesiphon, near Baghdad, Iraq today. Parthian dynasty was ended by the Sassanian Artaxerxes. He founded the Sasanian dynasty that lasted until 652 AD in Iran. National Government and relies on Iranian Sasanian state religion and civilization and gained enormous power. In this period the Roman wars in Iran and Iran continue Yaft.tarykh Aslamps after the establishment of Islam in Iran as a result of the Sassanids and Muslim Arabs conquered Persia by their victory on the developments in the fields of social, religious and political history of Iran came into being. Not simply the Muslim conquest of Iran. Earlier cities, but the rural receptive Muslim rule simply refused their rule. Gilan Complex and later from eastern parts of Iran and western areas were captured by Muslims. They had to conquer a place again. (881-826 AD) and Safarian (903-866 AD) can be seen from the results outlined. Samanid period (999- 819 AD) emerged as a new Persian and Arabic with Persian alphabet was introduced. Governors Lbvyh (1055-945 BC) after his conquest of Shiraz and the establishment of the caliphate to Baghdad it was captured and turned into a tool of their real power was in his hands. Ghaznavian (1186-977 BC) in Iranian history as Ghaziyan or Muslim fighters raised their Mvrdthajm and territories such as India Qrardadnd.sljvqyan (1194- 1038 AD) with the victory Ghaznavian established his own rule and dominate over Iran and to help out his big ministers and scientists had consolidated his power, but eventually disappeared by Kharazmshahian. Kharazmshahiyan government (1231-1077 AD) was one of the states history that began with the Mongol invasion of Iran. As a result of the invasion and looting towns extinction Kharazmshahiyan government and massacre the people of Iran that Iran was associated with the destruction of the economy and agriculture. Mongols Iranian territory was captured quickly and the march to Baghdad and the murder of Caliph of the Islamic caliphate dismantled (1228 AD) the post-Mongol, Timurid (1506-1370 AD) and once again land on Iranian territory invaded Iran Takhtvtaz field and looting treaty. The Safavid period (1732-1501 AD) for the first time in the history of Shiism was declared as the official religion of Iran. In the period of Shah Abbas the Great, the city was chosen as the capital of Iran and the pinnacle of glory achieved so many mementos from that time until the present as well as Brjaymandhand. As a result of the invasion and occupation of Afghanistan by the Safavids of Iran were removed from the list. Nader Shah defeated the Afghans and also over all the territory of Iran, founded Afsharian Dynasty (1734 AD). After Afsharian, Zand (1796-1750 AD) and they rely on their power during the reign of the city was chosen as its capital and a city of magnificent and became great. Qajar (1924-1779 AD) periods of Iranian history, the influence of colonial powers such as Britain and Tsarist Russia was developed in Iran and has the power to impose Hdnamhhayy as Turkamanchay, Golestan and Paris on the Iranian government range lands in Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia and Khorasan, Iran was separated from the soil. As a result of these developments, such as rising tobacco movements, constitutionalism, forest and resurrection Mohammad street movements in Iran. In 1924 and founded the Pahlavi dynasty, Reza Khan, the government announced achieved. . / 205-259 AH.. / 199 -252 Kh.) founder Tahir Zvalymynyn • Safarian (875-900 m. / 261-287 AH.. / 254-279 Kh.) founder Jacob Laith • Samanids (875- 999 m. / 261-389 AH.. / 254-378 str.) Nasr founder Ismail Samani first great princes and Nasr bin Ahmad • Ziyarid (928-1070 m. / 315-462 AH.. / 306-449 Ave. .) Mardavyj founder's son Ziarat famous Qaboos bin VOSHMGIR • Bowie (932 - 1049 m. / 320-440 AH.. / 311-428 str.) Madaldvlh founder Ali
• Ghaznavian Zd Dawla's large (998 - 1160 m. / 388-555 AH.. / 377-539 str.), Founder of Sultan Mahmoud Ghaznavi • Seljuks (1038-1194 m. / 429-590 AH.. / 417 - 573 str.), founder of the great princes Malek Shah and Sultan Sanjar Tughril • Kharazmshahian (1078-1220 m. / 470-617 AH.. / 456-599 Kh.) founder (Anushtegin Gharchai Ghrjh) famous prince Mohammed Khwarazmshah • Ilkhan (1256 - 1336 m. / 654-736 AH.. / 635-714 str.) • Holakukhan founder of the Timurid (1370-1498 m. / 771-903 AH. AH / 748-877 str.) • Timur founder of the Safavid dynasty (1501 - 1723 m. / 906-1135 AH.. / 879-1102 Str.) great Shah Abbas I's founder • Afsharian Ismail I (1735-1748 AD. / 1148-1161 AH.. / 1114 to 1127 str.): • Zandi, founder of Nadir Shah (1750 - 1795 m. / 1163 - 1209 AH.. / 1129 - 1173 str.) founder Karim Khan Zand • Qajar (1795 - 1927 m. / 1209 - 1345 AH.. / 1173 - 1305 str. ) big Nasereddin Shah's founder Qamhmdkhan • Pahlavi dynasty (1926 - 1979 m. / 1344 - 1399 AH.. / 1304 - 1357 str.) • founder of the Islamic Republic of Reza Shah (the beginning of 1979. / 1399 AD. BC. / 1357 str.), Founder Ruhollah Khomeini